Sources of Fecal Indicator Bacteria in Urban Streams and Ocean Beaches (2009)

Dr. John Izbicki, USGS Engineer. Photo (c) Hillary Hauser

Dr. John Izbicki, USGS Engineer.

Photo (c) Hillary Hauser

This 3-year USGS study, with contributory funding and support from Heal the Ocean through the Marisla Foundation, was completed in conjunction with the City of Santa Barbara, and offers one of the first serious examinations of the relationship between groundwater contamination and the ocean, the potential for sewer pipes (and septic leach fields) to leak into groundwater and therefore the ocean.